mraa  1.7.0
Low Level Skeleton Library for Communication on GNU/Linux platforms
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Building libmraa

libmraa uses cmake in order to make compilation relatively painless. CMake runs build out of tree so the recommended way is to clone from git and make a build/ directory inside the clone directory.

For building imraa check ./ "building imraa"

Build dependencies

Not all these are required but if you're unsure of what you're doing this is what you'll need:

For Debian-like distros the below command installs the basic set:

```bash sudo apt-get install git build-essential swig3.0 python-dev nodejs-dev cmake libjson-c-dev ```

To build the documentation you'll also need:

Basic build steps

mkdir build
cd build
cmake ..

If this goes wrong and you have all the dependencies installed, then please file an issue with the full output of cmake .. and make or however far you got.

After that you can install built files (into default path) by running:

```bash sudo make install ```

See flags for adjusting install paths in the section below.

Currently our install logic puts Python bindings into standard paths, which do not work on Debian due to their policy.

We are working on a permanent solution, in the meantime please use this command after make install to link installed modules where Debian's Python expects them:

```bash sudo ln -s <your install prefix, e.g. /usr>/lib/python2.7/site-packages/* /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages ```

Same approach works for Python 3, you'll just need to adjust the version number in the path accordingly.

Configuration flags

Our CMake configuration has a number of options, cmake-gui or ccmake (cmake -i is no longer with us :() can show you all the options. A few of the more common ones are listed below. Note that when the option starts with CMAKE_ it's an option that is made available by CMake and will be similar in all CMake projects. You need to add them after cmake but before ..

A few recommended options:

Changing install path from /usr/local to /usr: -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX:PATH=/usr

Building debug build - adds -g and disables optimisations - this will force a full rebuild: -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=DEBUG

Using clang instead of gcc: -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=/usr/bin/clang -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=/usr/bin/clang++

Building with an older version of SWIG (< 3.0.2) requires the disabling of JavaScript: -DBUILDSWIGNODE=OFF

Disabling Python module building: -DBUILDSWIGPYTHON=OFF

Building doc, this will require SPHINX & Doxygen: -DBUILDDOC=ON You will also require clone git submodules from your existing checkout: git submodule update --init --recursive The from doxygen2jsdoc dir: npm install mkdirp commander lodash bluebird pegjs

Override build architecture (this is useful because on x86 ARM code is not compiled so use this flag to force the target arch) -DBUILDARCH=arm

You can also enable -Wall for gcc before running cmake by exporting your wanted CC flags to the CC env var export CC="gcc -Wall"

Sometimes it's nice to build a static libary, on Linux systems just set -DBUILD_SHARED_LIBS=OFF

Dependencies continued

You'll need at least SWIG version 3.0.2 and we recommend 3.0.5 to build the JavaScript & Python modules. If your version of SWIG is older than this then please see above for disabling SWIGNODE. Otherwise you will get a weird build failure when building the JavaScript module. The Python module builds with SWIG 2.x but we don't test it.

During the build, we'll assume you're building from git, note that if you compile with git installed your version of mraa will be versioned with git desribe --tag to make it easy for intentification. You can easily modify version.c in build/src. If you don't build from a git tree then you will simply have a version which matches the latest released version of mraa.

Using a Yocto/OE toolchain

In order to compile with a Yocto/OE toolchain use the following toolchain file. This works well on the Edison 1.7.2 SDK. First source the environment file, then use our CMake toolchain file.

source /opt/poky-edison/1.7.2/environment-setup-core2-32-poky-linux
mkdir build
cmake -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=../cmake/Toolchains/oe-sdk_cross.cmake ..

Using Coverity

This is the procedure to submit a build to Coverity. You'll need to install coverity-submit for your OS.

mkdir covbuild/ && cd covbuild
cov-build --dir cov-int make
tar caf mraa.tar.bz2 cov-int

Building Java bindings

Have JAVA_HOME set to JDK install directory. Most distributions set this from /etc/profile.d/ and have a way of switching between alternatives. We support both OpenJDK and Oracle's JDK. On Arch Linux with OpenJDK 8 you'll have to set this yourself like this:

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/default/

Then use the CMake configuration flag: -DBUILDSWIGJAVA=ON To compile

javac -cp $DIR_WHERE_YOU_INSTALLED_MRAA/mraa.jar:.

To run, make sure is in LD_LIBRARY_PATH

jave -cp $DIR_WHERE_YOU_INSTALLED_MRAA/mraa.jar:. Example

If you want to add or improve Java bindings for mraa, please follow the "Creating Java Bindings Guide".

Building an IPK/RPM package using cpack

You can get cpack to generate an IPK or RPM package fairly easily if you have the correct packaging tools

make package

To use RPM simply enable the RPM option. You'll need rpmbuild installed on your build machine.


Building for the Android Things Peripheralmanager Client


The Things Native Library contains a CMake find_package module FindAndroidThings.cmake. Make sure the directory containing this module is added to the CMAKE_MODULE_PATH.

NDK r14b

cmake -DBUILDSWIG=OFF -DBUILDARCH=PERIPHERALMAN -DANDROID_TOOLCHAIN_NAME=x86-i686 -DCMAKE_TOOLCHAIN_FILE=/path/to/android-ndk-r14b/build/cmake/android.toolchain.cmake -DCMAKE_MODULE_PATH=/path/to/native-libandroidthings ..